Monday, 16 February 2009

Music of the Ottoman Court - Walter Feldman

Music of the Ottoman Court
Makam, Composition and the Early Ottoman Instrumental Repertoire
Feldman, Walter

(Intercultural Music Studies Vol.: 10)
* 1996
* 560 p.
* 31 fig. and ill., 20 tab., 145 musical notations, index, bibliography
* Hc
* 13,5 x 21 cm
* engl.
* EUR 44,00
* ISBN 3-86135-641-4

Between 1600 and 1750 Ottoman Turkish music developed the genres and forms that were directly antecedent to the surviving Turkish art music, yet its relationship to this modern music is shrouded in myth. This work is the first attempt to bring together contemporaneous notations, musical treatises, biographics, literary sources, travellers' accounts and iconography to present a synthetic picture of the early modern phrase of Turkish art music.

-Turkish Classical Music and Ottoman Music
-Ethnomusicology and History in Ottoman Turkey
-The Structuring of the Book
-The Major Sources for Ottoman Music 1550-1750

Part I Musicians and Performance
Chapter 1-1 Professionalism and the Music of the Ottoman Court
The Ottomans and the Turco-Mongol Courtly Heritage
The Emergence of Ottoman Court Music
Vocalists and Instrumentalists
The Geographical Origin of the Musicians and Location of Musical Centers
Changes in the Ruling Class and in the Organization of Music in the Palace
Unfree Musicians
The kullar
The Persians (Acemler)
The "Franks" and Other Male Slaves
The Slave-Women
Free Musicians in the Palace Service and the Bureaucracy The �ilmîye (�ulemâ)
Chapter 1-2 Professionalism and the Music of the Ottoman Court: Dervishes and Turkish Art Music
The Mevleviye
The Mevlevi Conception of Music
The Mevlevis and Ottoman Court Music
Music in the Other Sunni tarikats
Chapter 2 Instruments and Instrumentalists
Sources for the Instrumentation of Ottoman Music
Organ und Genre
The Ottoman Court Ensemble of the 16th Century
The kemance
The 'd
The kopuz
The ney
The ceng
The kanun
The Ottoman Ensemble from the 17th to the Mid-18th Century
The kemance/keman
The ney
The tanbur
The Origin of the Ottoman tanbur
The Ottoman tanbur in the 18th Century
The ceng
The kanun
The santur
The musikar r/miskal
Social Contexts of the Turkish Lutes
Chapter 3 The Ottoman Cyclical Concert-Formats Fasil und Ayin
The Structure of the Ottoman fasil
The fasl-i szende
Structure of the fasl-i sazende
The Mevlevi ayin
Part II Makam

Chapter 1 The General Scale of 17th-Century Ottoman Music
Nomenclature of Scale Degree and Mode
Cantemir's General Scale
The Problem of the Note segah
Saba, Uzzal, Beyati, Hisar
A Note on Symbols
Chapter 2 Makam and Terkib
Other Modal Entities
Terkib and su�be Structures
The Terkib in the 18th Century
Chapter 3 Melodic Progression
Seyir in Compositions
Cantemir's Terminology for Melodic Progression
Hizir Aga and Harutin

Chapter 4 The Taksim and Modulation
The Generic Nature and Origin of the taksim
Turkish and Persian "taksim" in Cantemir's Treatise
Modulation and the taksim Modulation and the küll-i külliyat Genre
Part III Pesrev and Semasi
Chapter 1 The Pesrev/Pishrow
The pesrev as Genre
Origin and Stucure of the pesrev/pishrow
Generic Variation Within the Ottoman pesrev

Chapter 2 The Ottoman pesrev
Periodization of the Turkish pesrev
Factors Leading to Change in the Formal Structure of the pesrev
Usul, Tempo, Melodic Density
Modulation and Large Scale Form
Terkib and seyir

Chapter 3 Pesrevs and Analyses
Period 1 (1500-1550)
The Persians (�Acemler)
Osman Pasa el-�Atik
Period 2 (1550-1600)
Period 3 (1600-1650)
Period 4 (1650-1690)
Neyzen Ali Hoca
The pesrevs of Cantemir
Muhayyer muhammes
Buselik-�Asirani berefs an

Chapter 4 The 17th-Century Persian Pesrev
Pesrevs and Analyses

Chapter 5 Transmission of the Ottoman Pes rev Repertoire
Transmission of the pesrev during the 17 Century: Pesrevs and Analyses
The nazire
Transmission of the pesrev in the 18th Century

Chapter 6 The Instrumental Semasi
Sema si-i sazende in the 17th Century
Periodization of the semasi-i sazende / saz semasi
Analysis of the 17th-Century semasi Documents
Semasi-i lenk / aksak semasi
Transformation of the Old semasi

Chapter 7 Conclusion
The Departure of Turkey from the "Persianate" Musical Sphere
The New Ottoman Style of the 18 Century